History: About Panipat
According to the legend, Panipat was one of the five cities (Prastha) established by the Pandava brothers during the Mahabharata. Its historical name is Panduprasath. Panipat witnesses three major battles in Indian history. The first battle of Panipat was fought on 21 April 1526 between the Sultan of Delhi, Ibrahim Lodi and Babur. Babur’s army defeated more than one lakh soldiers of Ibrahim. Thus the first battle of Panipat ended the ‘Lodi dynasty’ established by Bahlul Lodi in India.
The second battle of Panipat was fought between Akbar and Emperor Hem Chandra Vikramaditya on 5 November 1556, Emperor Hem Chandra was the king of North India and belonged to Rewari in Haryana. Hem Chandra defeated the forces of Akbar and captured the large kingdoms of Agra and Delhi. This king is also known as Vikramaditya. This king had won 22 wars against Afghan rebels from Punjab to Bengal from 1553–1556 and had his coronation at Purana Qila in Delhi on 7 October 1556 and established the ‘Hindu Raj’ in North India before the Second Battle of Panipat. was. Hem Chandra had a large army, and initially his army was winning, but suddenly an arrow was struck in Hemu’s eye and he lost his senses. Not seeing his king on the back of an elephant, his army fled. He was later captured by the Mughals and beheaded. His head was sent to Kabul for Delhi Darwaza and his torso was hung outside Purana Qila in Delhi. This second battle of Panipat temporarily ended the ‘Hindu Raj’ established by Hemu in North India.
The third battle of Panipat was fought in 1761 between the Marathas under the Afghan invader Ahmed Shah Abdali and Sadashivrao Bhau Peshwa of Pune. This battle was won by Ahmed Shah Abdali defeating Sadashivrao Bhau. This defeat was the worst defeat of Marathas in history. This war gave birth to a new power, which has since opened the way for the victory of the British in India. Famous Urdu poet Maulana Hali was also born in Panipat.
Know why Diwali is celebrated
DIWALI 2019: Know why Diwali is celebrated? 5 assumptions coming
Know why Diwali is celebrated:
India has been called a country of festivals for centuries, as it has been the custom to celebrate the festival with pomp since centuries. According to Sanatan Dharma, there are a total of 33 crore deities in India. It is a natural thing that the country will consider so many gods and goddesses, there will always be an atmosphere of some festival in that country. Right now the whole country has become devotional and powerful with respect to Navratri. After the end of Navratri and the burning of Ravana on the day of Dussehra, people will start preparing for Diwali. The festival of Diwali comes just 20 days after Dussehra. The festival of Diwali is celebrated not only in the country but also abroad. There are many beliefs behind celebrating Diwali. Today we will tell you about the reason for celebrating Diwali. So let’s know about the 5 beliefs related to Diwali …
On Shri Ram Ji’s return from exile to Ayodhya:
According to the belief of Sanatan Dharma, Shri Ram ji returned to Ayodhya from exile on the day of Diwali. It is believed that Deepawali was celebrated in the joy of returning to Ayodhya. Confused by Manthara’s misconceptions, Kaikai, Bharata’s mother, commits Shree Rama to send him to exile from his father Dasharatha. Maryada Purushottam Ram, obeying his father’s order, along with his wife Sita and brother Lakshmana, went on exile for 14 years. Shri Ram ji returned to Ayodhya on the day of Diwali after completing his 14 years of exile. In the joy of Ram ji’s return, people from all over the state lit lamps in the night and celebrated. Since that time, Diwali is celebrated.
When the Pandavas returned to the kingdom:
According to the Hindu epic Mahabharata, the Kauravas conquered the Pandavas with the help of the trick of Shakuni Mama in the game of chess. With this, the Pandavas had to leave the state and go on exile for 13 years. On this Kartik Amavasya, the Pandavas returned from exile of 13 years. The people of the state celebrated the joy of the return of the Pandavas by lighting them.
On killing Narakasura demon by Lord Krishna:
Narakasura was the king of the city of Pragjyotishpur (which is currently in Nepal). He disturbed all the gods of Indra, Varuna, Agni, Vayu, etc. with his power. Narakasura had captured 16 thousand women of saints etc. When the tyranny of Narakasura increased, the deity and Rishimuni went to the shelter of Lord Krishna and prayed for liberation from him. God assured them of salvation. Lord Shri Krishna killed Narakasura on the Chaturdashi of Krishna Paksha of Kartik month and got the gods and saints free from his terror. In this joy, people burnt lamps in their homes on the second day, i.e. the new moon day of Kartik month. Since then, the festival of Narak Chaturdashi and Deepawali is celebrated.
Mother Lakshmi’s incarnation in the world:
During the Samudra Manthan, Mata Lakshmi Ji incarnated on the new moon day of Kartik month. Lakshmi ji is considered the goddess of wealth and prosperity. Therefore, special worship of Lakshmi is done on this day. This is also one of the main reasons for celebrating Deepawali.
Some interesting facts about Dr. A. P. J. Abdul Kalam.
Late President APJ Abdul Kalam, who was conferred with ‘Bharat Ratna’, died on this day ’27 July 2015 during his address at IIT Guwahati. Even after leaving the world, his work, his thinking and his whole life is an inspiration for the country. Come, know some very interesting things about the great nation builder of the country:
Dr. Abdul Kalam was someone who wanted to become a pilot but could not become a pilot due to any reason. Then, not giving up, Jeevan showed what he put in front of him by accepting it. He believed that if you want to get anything in your life, then your high spirits will work for you.
Abdul Kalam was born on 15 October 1931 in a village in Rameswaram in Tamil Nadu.
Abdul Kalam’s full name was ‘Abul Pakkir Zainulabedin Abdul Kalam’.
He had five brothers and five sisters in his family and his father rented a boat to fishermen and ran the house. His father was not very educated but was a high thinking person. Kalam’s childhood was spent in financial crisis.
Dr. Kalam was very hardworking from the beginning. From the age of just five, he started selling newspapers to support his family.
After reading, he used to collect newspapers by visiting the railway station and bus station of Rameswaram in the morning. After taking the newspaper, Abdul Kalam used to distribute it first by running on the streets of Rameswaram city. This was his first step towards becoming self sufficient in childhood.
Kalam completed his early education at Rameswaram, graduated from St. Joseph’s College and received an aeronautical engineering degree from Madras Institute of Technology.
Even after becoming President in 2002, his doors were always open to the public. Many letters were written by themselves with their own hands.
After taking the oath of the country’s highest office, the 11th President, he raised the head of every scientist of the country with great pride.
Kalam had a special love for students. Seeing this, the United Nations decided to celebrate his birthday as ‘Student Day’.
APJ, known as Missile Man Abdul Kalam is said to be the father of the Indian missile program.
Abdul Kalam is one of the nation builders of India, he is also called People’s President.
His written books are Wings of Fire, India 2020, Ignand Maid, My Journey etc. Abdul Kalam has received his doctorate from 48 universities and institutes.
Abdul Kalam among the few who received all the highest awards in India. Honored with Padma Bhushan in 1981, Padma Vibhushan in 1990, Bharat Ratna in 1997.
While addressing at IIT Guwahati on 27 July 2015, he suffered a cardiac arrest and died the country’s great nation builder.
It is generally accepted that Agra was an ancient city since the time of Mahabharata. And yet Sultan Sikander Lodi, the Muslim ruler of the Delhi Sultanate, founded Agra in 1504. After Sultan’s death, the city passed to his son Sultan Ibrahim Lodi. He ruled his Sultanate from Agra. He fell until he fought the Mughal Badshah (emperor) Babur in 1526 at the First Battle of Lanipat.
The golden age of the city began with the Mughals. It was known as Akbarabad. And the emperor (Emperor) remained the capital of the Mughal Empire under Akbar, Jahangir and Shah Jahan. Akbar made it the designated seat of one of his original twelve epithets (royal top-level provinces), frontier (Old) Delhi, Awadh (Oudh), Allahabad, Malwa and Ajmer Suhahas. Shah Jahan later shifted his capital to Shahjahanabad in 1649.
Since Akbarabad was one of the most important cities in India under the Mughals, it saw a lot of building activity. Babur, the founder of the Mughal dynasty, placed the first formal Persian garden on the banks of the Yamuna River. The garden is called Aram Bagh or Garden of Rest. His grandson Akbar the Great took up the huge banks of the Great Red Fort, besides making Agra a center for learning, art, commerce and religion. Akbar also built a new city on the outskirts of Akbarabad called Fatehpur Sikri. The city was built in stone as a Mughal military camp.
His son Jahangir had a love of flora and fauna and kept many gardens inside the Red Fort or Lal Qil. Shah Jahan, known for his keen interest in architecture, gave Akbarabad the most valuable monument, the Taj Mahal. Built in loving memory of his wife Mumtaz Mahal, the tomb was completed in 1653.
Shah Jahan later shifted the capital to Delhi during his reign, but his son Aurangzeb moved the capital back to Akbarabad, landed his father and imprisoned him in the fort. During Aurangzeb’s reign, Akbarbad remained the capital of India until he transferred it to Aurangabad in the Deccan in 1653.
After the fall of the Mughal Empire, the city came under the influence of the Marathas and was called Agra before falling to the British Raj in 1803.
When the Presidency of Agra was established by the British in 1835, the city became the seat of government, and only two years later it witnessed the Agra famine of 1837–38. During the Indian Rebellion of 1857, British rule was threatened all over India, news of the rebellion reached Agra on 11 May and on 30 May two companies of the original infantry, 44th and 67th Regiment, revolted and moved to Delhi. . The next morning in Agra, native Indian troops were forced to revolt on 15 June at Gwalior (which lies to the south of Agra). By 3 July, the British were forced to return to the fort. Two days later a small British force at Sucheta was defeated and forced to withdraw, ruining the city. However, the rebels moved to Delhi which allowed the British to restore order by 8 July. Delhi fell to the British in September, the following month the rebels who fled from Delhi marched on to Agra with rebels from central India but were defeated. This British rule was again secured in the city until India’s independence in 1947.
Agra is the birthplace of the religion called Din-i Ilahi, which flourished during the reign of Akbar and the Radhaswami faith, which has around two lakh followers worldwide. Agra has historical connections with Shorepur of Jainism and Ranuka of Hinduism in 1000 BCE.
Read it:- About Uttar Pradesh